Posted on March 21 2020
Today we're rocking our brightest, most fun and mismatched socks to show our support of those with Down syndrome and celebrate World Down Syndrome Day!
Here are 10 facts about Down syndrome from the Down Syndrome Association of Toronto:
1. Down syndrome occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome.
2. Down syndrome is a condition or a syndrome, not a disease.
3. In Canada, approximately 1 in every 781 babies is born with Down syndrome. There are an estimated 45,000 Canadians with Down syndrome.
4. Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels.
5. Life expectancy for people with Down syndrome has increased dramatically in recent decades from 25 in 1983 to 60 today.
6. People with Down syndrome should always be referred to as people first. Instead of "a Down syndrome child," it should be "a child with Down syndrome." Also avoid "Down's child" and describing the condition as "Down's," as in, "He has Down's.”
7. The use of the word "retarded" in any derogatory context is hurtful and suggests that people with disabilities are not competent.
8. People with Down syndrome attend school, work, participate in decisions that affect them, have meaningful relationships, vote and contribute to society in many wonderful ways.
9. Quality educational programs, a stimulating home environment, good health care and positive support from family, friends and the community enable people with Down syndrome to lead fulfilling and productive lives.
10. Down syndrome is named for the English physician John Langdon Down, who characterized the condition, but did not have it.